All about mosses

Plants Information

While many have chosen succulents, cactus, nerve plants as their main plants for decorating up their terrarium, you may have notice J&J Terrarium Gardening uses moss intensively in our terrarium design. Let’s us start off by understanding some basic facts about moss

Types of Moss

All Mosses can be classified under 2 types: Acrocarpous and Pleurocarpous

Acrocarpous Moss- Upright growth habit. Acrocarps are usually unbranched and erect, forming a mounded colony. Such mosses are slower growing than Pleurocarps. They do not regenerate from fragments as quickly as Pleurocarps. Weeds are less likely to invade Acrocarps due to the thickness and tight packed stems.

Such type of moss makes perfect choice for making landscape such as mountains since they usually exist in colony. A common example of moss found in Singapore is the Holland Moss.

Pleurocarpous Moss- A prostrate growth habit. They tend to form spending carpets rather than erect tufts.  Pleurocarps are freely branching in a chaotic fashion. Pleurocarps spread out branches from the colony in a creeping fashion. Most Pleurocarps grow faster than Acrocarps. Pleurocarps quickly regenerate from broken fragments. Pleurocarps quick attachment to stone and growth rate makes them better for colonizing hard substrates.

Such type of moss makes perfect choice to use them as fillers to fill the gaps on soil after planting our plants in terrarium.  A common example of moss found in Singapore is the Java Moss.

Why do we use Moss for Terrarium?

1) Mosses are slow growing. No worry about pruning them every now and then.

2) They obtain all their nutrients from the air (moss has no true roots), moss plants require nothing more than shade, acidic soil, and adequate moisture to flourish. This makes it a suitable candidate for closed terrarium where moisture is circulated ensuring that they will not dry out. They absorb their water from their leaves as such watering your terrarium is easy. We recommend you to mist them.

3) Mosses are not pricky on soil quality. In fact, they prefer poor quality soils with low nutrient levels. As such, there is no need to fertilize your terrarium to ensure their growth and yet they stay evergreen throughout the year.

4) Mosses are easier to take care than succulents. Before it dies out, there are always tell tale signs such as yellowing/browning of leaves, leaves becoming smaller in size. When such observations are made, it’s time to give it an extra pump of water. Within a day, these mosses would be revived back to its normal self.

An example of moss terrarium that J&J Terrarium created would be the Easter Island Terrarium.

Like what you read, get some moss terrarium home now!